Here’s what everyone needs to know about water



Here’s what everyone needs to know about water

So, Cape Town is suffering the worst drought it’s had in over a century. By now this is not really news to any of the South African population. Level five water restrictions have been implemented. And with the pending summer heat on its way, Capetonians are likely to suffer through their Christmas season.

Extreme weather conditions such as severe droughts or flooding can often turn tragic. While Cape Town households are trying to keep their water usage under 87 litres a day, Florida in the United States is flooded by a tropical storm. These extreme conditions are due to climate change of course, but knowing why it’s happening doesn’t help those who are in the midst of these terrible conditions. South African individuals are doing their best to remain within the guidelines of the water restrictions. The heavy industries and corporates are making use of water solutions companies such as PROXA Water to ensure they reuse and recycle as much water as possible within their operations. But ultimately, the only real respite will be rain.

Desalination plants are being constructed all over Cape Town so that any future droughts won’t cause this amount of havoc again. But if you spend some time Googling the current drought situation across the globe you’ll find that South Africa is certainly not alone. And in fact, extreme drought conditions have fatally affected Somalia and the country is facing its third famine in 25 years. The current drought in Italy has destroyed European crops and Sri Lanka reports its worst harvest in 40 years.

So what do you need to know about water, other than the lack of it spells total disaster for the world?


Population growth and water availability don’t match up

Every year the world grows by approximately 80 million people, so it’s predicted that by 2050 global population will be at 9.1 billion. 2.4 billion of these people will be living in sub-Saharan Africa. But if we continue at our current rate of population growth, urbanisation, industrialisation and consumption the by 2030 the world will be faced with a global water deficit of 40 percent.


Natural resources are not low, it’s people who are messing it up

The reality is that there is enough water to meet our needs globally. But only if everyone and every industry and sector make drastic changes to how they use and manage water. Essentially, the global water crisis can be resolved but only through the correct water management solutions implemented and absolute compliance from all nations.


Water pollution is an absolute travesty

Pollution is one of the greatest threats to water availability in the future. These foreign substances and entities in the water can cause fatalities in the people drinking the water. Runoff water from various industrial activities are laden with chemicals and this water will infect nearby water sources as well as those far away. Water bodies that are affected by landfills or overloaded by nutrients from farms will do the same thing.


Manmade water infrastructure can damage the natural environment

People have gone ahead and built water infrastructure, such as dams, that directly depends on ecosystems to maintain their performance. These structures can often destroy the natural environment. The challenge ahead is to manage water resources that’ll maintain a good working relationship between the natural and the built-up infrastructure.