How people can do their bit to prevent water pollution

prevent water pollutionprevent water pollution
prevent water pollutionprevent water pollution


How people can do their bit to prevent water pollution

Water pollution is one of the disruptors in the entire water cycle. Pollution can be referred to as harmful substances released from domestic dumps, garbage or chemicals that get released into water bodies, which ultimately affect our access to quality, potable water for everyday consumption. While it may seem as though these effects are caused by environmental factors, humans are the biggest culprits.

Here are a few ways in which everyone can do their bit to reduce and prevent water pollution:


There needs to be proper sewage treatment facilities in place that ensure human and animal excrement is never exposed to natural sources. These treatment systems and locations should also be monitored and kept safe so that they never become an environmental hazard to living species around them.


  • Protect river water from becoming polluted

As you can imagine, river water carries plenty of diseases and contaminants that are extremely dangerous because the water cannot easily be cleaned by means of natural processes. If there are no runoff mitigation systems in place, it will become increasingly difficult for people to help keep the water clean and safe for anyone who might make use of it for any reason. Knowing this, people should understand the consequences of their actions and make a concerted effort to prevent river contamination.


  • Try to treat waste before discharge

Should you work in an industrial or engineering industry where it’s inevitable that waste products land up in the water system regardless of your prevention strategy, try to implement a filtering or treatment system to help treat the wastewater before it gets released. Do some research on water recycling methods too.


  • Treat drainage water in big cities

Business and community organisations should have strict water systems in place which properly drain the water that runs through the city on a daily basis. This harmful, polluted water should be removed before landing up in dams, rivers and reservoirs which are then used for human and business consumption. If such systems are not in place, you will land up wasting more quality water in the long-term, simply because of runoff contamination. If this does happen, water should then be distributed to industries such as the agricultural industry where the water can be used for irrigation purposes.


  • Do not pour insecticides down household sinks and toilets

People need to be more environmentally friendly at home and at work. Any old medicines, insecticides or chemical cleaning liquids should be disposed in a rubbish bin and not discharged via your bathroom or kitchen drain. The reason for this is that those harmful chemicals still land up in communal compounds where they are then mixed with other chemicals and substances to further affect our water cycle.


  • Create greater public awareness

More businesses and local communities should make an effort to educate people about water conservation and the health risks around water pollution. Just by educating people, you will be able to give them the knowledge they need to help reduce the effect of water pollution on our environment. Companies which work with hazardous substances will need to have a pollution prevention and control permit, meaning that you will need to comply with strict instructions. Make sure that you store substances accordingly as well as train your staff to dispose of any materials that could pollute the entire water cycle.


  • Reduce the use of water as a coolant for power plants

Most nuclear plants use water to cool down the steam generated, meaning that plenty of water goes to waste due to thermal pollution which cannot be reused in the water cycle for human consumption. More often than not, this water is then discharged into water bodies without being treated. And when the water is still hot, it lets off a thermal shock which significantly disturbs the inhabitants in the water. Going forward, companies in this sector should look at treatment systems to treat this water before release.


Final thoughts

With environmental challenges such as droughts affecting our water supply in a big way, companies and individuals need to do their bit to change the way we abuse water for the better. Soon, this small commodity could lead to something life-threatening, and we cannot always rely on desalination water cycle methods or mobile water cycles to solve these problems in the long-term. Take any chance to change the way we treat our environment, and try to implement as many conservation projects as possible.

prevent water pollution