Should you use treated or untreated water for your petrochemical plant?

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treated - untreated water -petrochemical planttreated - untreated water -petrochemical plant


Should you use treated or untreated water for your petrochemical plant?

Water is an essential component for many industrial processes; however, these processes require businesses to use treated water. Take the petrochemical industry, for instance. It is process intensive, and large quantities of water are used to meet daily operational demands. Such operations include extraction, distillation, cooling systems and washing processes. And, to meet these demands, you need an efficient wastewater management system.

The petrochemical industry focuses on the production of petrochemicals, also known as petroleum distillates, which are chemical products derived from petroleum. There are three sectors for the oil and natural gas industry, namely upstream, downstream and midstream

The petrochemical industry, in particular, mostly interfaces with the downstream sector. The water generated from this industry causes a lot of wastewater challenges, and this is why specialised water treatments are required to meet strict government compliance standards.

If you want to treat raw water within a plant, one of the most important decisions to make is deciding on the type of untreated water your plant will be using. The three main categories of untreated water are local municipal water, surface water and groundwater.

Keep in mind that you should weigh up your options and consider the type of quality that will be acquired from these sources. For example, local municipal water may provide you with weak quality water that you may need to refine further. While groundwater might provide you with better quality. Follow our article’s advice to see which solution is the most suitable.


The raw water treatment system

Wastewater treatment systems are made up of individual technologies that address a facility’s water treatment needs. The system largely depends on the quality of the raw water that will be treated, in relation to the type of quality that is needed.

A basic water system typically includes a chemical feed to help facilitate suspended solids, a clarifier to remove larger solids, filtration to remove smaller particles and a control panel.


To use raw or treated water for your plant?

Making a choice to use raw or treated water for your plant can be a difficult decision. Make sure that you weigh up your options and consider questions like the following: are there more negative than positive consequences of using untreated water? We recommend that business owners look into effective water management systems and strive to use treated water. If untreated water is your current source, you can anticipate a wide range of issues.

Untreated water can cause contamination and long-term health problems. It can also cause costly downtime when solids in the water interrupt the machinery. Not complying with compliance standards can result in lawsuits and your products not being sold on the market.

Not only are there a myriad of issues associated with the use of untreated water, but it is also advised to take the time and research on how to pick the most suitable wastewater system for your industrial business.


What water quality do you need?

Once you have identified the type of raw water to utilise, the second most important step is deciding the quality you want. For example, the treated water may be for drinking purposes; therefore, they need to be purified enough for it to be suitable for its purpose.

In this instance, when looking for the best wastewater management for the petrochemical industry, you will need to decide if the treated water needs to be ultrapure for microelectronics production or semi pure for flushing toilets. 


Reasons to treat water for your plant

  • Domestic use: treating water for domestic use includes drinking water, toilets and showers. There is a certain quality that needs to be met before meeting standard consumptions levels for humans. Untreated water contains bacteria that will cause major long-term health issues if consumed. 
  • Production: water is used in all stages of the production processes of petrochemical plants, thus big quantities of water are used to meet the demand. Many industrial-sized companies produce water-based liquids, and using untreated water for the production of these liquids will impact the quality of the liquid produced, and directly affecting your sales.


Final thoughts

With the global water crisis, business owners should ensure that they reuse water and have an effective wastewater system. Plants differ; therefore, the pricing of your water system will largely depend on your specific needs. These include the quality of the raw water you use, the quality you want to derive, and how long you will need to run the system for. 

Choosing between using treated or untreated water for your plant shouldn’t be a difficult decision to make. It goes without saying. Not only will you be adhering to compliance standards but also ensuring that your water is safe for human consumption.

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